January 03, 2020 / By admin
A “new interpretation” of healthy feeding of infants and young children
Several authoritative experts in the field of nutrition and medicine have expressed their opinions. They have prepared a professional reference list for dairy products selection, daily care, and disease prevention for parents.
The new standard supports breastfeeding. In the recent quality storm in the dairy industry, infants and young children, as the most vulnerable group in society, have become the focus of attention of the entire society.
How to choose the right dairy products for children to thrive and how to prevent them from taking care of daily care has become the topic of most concern for parents.
Therefore, several authoritative experts in the field of nutrition and medicine have been invited to express their opinions and hope that they can develop a professional reference list for dairy products selection, daily care, and disease prevention for parents.
The recent “Sanlu milk powder incident” has caused many mothers to pay attention to breastfeeding again.
It is understood that China ‘s breastfeeding rate has been declining in recent years. One important reason is that because many people come from Europe and the United States with advanced technology in formula, it ‘s fashionable and even their status to feed formula.The symbol is something worth showing off.
Professor Qin Rui, director of the Children’s Health Department of the Jiangsu Provincial People’s Hospital and the Jiangsu Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Center, told us that breast milk has the advantages that formula milk can not be replaced, such as the child’s IQ. In the birthplace of formula milk, many European and American countries breastfeed.The rates are all over 90%!
Many young mothers also ask, why are they feeding their babies so carefully, but they still have calcium deficiency and anemia? Why?
Professor Qin Rui introduced that the reason is that the child develops too fast, which leads to structural imbalance in nutrition.
新标准支持母乳喂养 (1)推迟添加辅食时间 秦锐主任介绍，在近期召开的有关婴幼儿喂养的国内外研讨会上，基本的意见是：把以前的4个月的添加辅助食品的时间后Move and try to breastfeed exclusively until June.
The purpose is to better promote breastfeeding, reduce obesity, overweight, and reduce overfeeding.
(2) The newly revised standard is: A. Under the condition of sufficient breast milk, you can not add any supplementary food before June, except for vitamins and trace elements; B, and must be added after 6 months.
The concept of “complementary food” has also been changed to “dairy food” to avoid becoming an optional food.
C. Weaning time: December in cities and 24 months in rural areas.
Why does my child have calcium deficiency and anemia?
Case: When interviewed by reporters, many small white-collar workers said that during the doctor’s examination, their children were deficient in calcium, and one of them was found to be anaemic.
They are very strange. They attach great importance to children’s nutrition. Why do they still lack calcium and anemia?
Director Qin Rui believes that there is an important reason is that children grow too fast, resulting in structural imbalances in nutrition.
1. There are reasons for structural imbalances in nutrition. A few days ago, there was news: “A mother is over 1. because her child is very young.
10 meters, you have to buy a ticket to get in the car and question it.
The relevant media then conducted a survey in a kindergarten class and found that 80% exceeded 1.
20 meters, 90% exceeded 1.
The strong seedling grows on fertile soil, and the phenomenon of the child’s rapid growth occurs during the fetal period.
Director Qin Rui introduced that the nutrients in breast milk should be able to ensure the baby’s growth and development needs, but in the face of babies who grow too fast today, it seems a bit stretched.
Difficulties mainly refer to non-thermogenic nutrients, such as the mineral elements calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamins. Therefore, we consider it to be a structural imbalance.
2. Calcium deficiency is actually a deficiency of vitamin D. What we call calcium deficiency actually refers to the lack of vitamin D, because vitamin D deficiency affects the absorption of calcium and the metabolism of calcium in the body, so some calcium deficiency occurs.which performed.
The content of vitamin D in breast milk is very small, which can not meet the needs of normal growth and development of infants, which is why we advocate to give adequate vitamin D preparations two weeks after birth.
3. There are abundant calcium in breast milk. As far as calcium is concerned, breast milk is very rich.
As long as there is sufficient milk, we do not advocate supplementation as a medical routine unless there is clear evidence of calcium deficiency.
And giving appropriate calcium supplements or calcium-rich foods to pregnant and lactating mothers should be beneficial to both mothers and infants.
4, 4-6 months after the supplementary food supplement iron supplement anemia is mainly caused by iron deficiency.
Iron in breast milk is well absorbed, but the actual content is not high.
The iron that the child stores during the fetal period, and the iron released by the destruction of red blood cells after birth is reused by the body, and the iron absorbed from breast milk is generally able to meet the needs of babies 4-6 months after birth, but if the babyIf you grow too fast, you need too much iron, or if you have insufficient iron reserves for premature birth and low birth weight, you are more likely to have iron deficiency and cause anemia.
Therefore, babies 4-6 months after birth need supplementary food to supplement iron.
Is nutrition better?
Afraid of nutritional deficiencies, many babies are now breast milk and formula milk, as well as a variety of calcium supplements, blood supplements and other health products together, all the advantages are swept away, this practice is not scientific?
1、营养素摄入有标准 秦锐主任介绍，食物、保健品中的营养素，如钙，其结构是一样的，进入人机体后，其作用一般也是一样的，所以摄入得过多了，可能It will lead to some questions, so how much is appropriate?The Chinese Nutrition Association recommends: (1) Calcium intake: 0?
6 months-300mg / day; 6 months?
1-400mg / day; 1-year-old?
4 years old -600mg / day; 4 years old?
7 years old -800mg / day.
(2) Iron intake: 0?
3mg / day; 6 months?
1-10 mg / day; 1 year old?
11 years old-12mg / day.
The most reasonable and safe source of these elements is natural food.
2. It is best to consult a doctor regularly. A lady, a white-collar worker, said that her baby, after 42 days, said she was deficient in calcium, so she started to take supplements, and then checked at 7 months. The parabola of bone density far exceeded the normal standard;At this time, the child had anemia again. The standard was 110g / L. After 6 months of testing, it was 107g / L. After 9 months of checking, it was only 98g / L. I really don’t know what to do.
Director Qin Rui suggested that the child is best to be checked every month within 6 months and every two months after 6 months, mainly to monitor the balance between the child’s development and nutrition.Make appropriate recommendations for the nutrition of your baby or mother.
Why do children have a partial eclipse?
A mother said that children do not like to eat vegetables and fruits, especially drink Coke, and they like foreign fast food. What should I do?
Director Qin Rui introduced: The child’s partial eclipse is because when his eating habits are still blank, his habits are not well maintained.
Scientists have followed many 14-year-old babies for 14 years, and found that the dietary habits formed in infants during their early childhood have reached a “stereotype” state at the age of 14, and it is difficult to change them later.
The reason is that when a person is born, the nerve cells are still “a pile of loose sand”, and various connections need to be established under external stimulation.
Why do northerners like pasta and southerners like rice?
It is related to the fact that such foods have made the cerebral cortex’s food center an advantageous exciter when they were young.
Critical period for the formation of eating habits: (1) 0 to 6 months Because “children who receive breast milk replacement are more willing to try different foods after weaning”, it is best to replace breast milk.
(2) Parents should pay attention to the development of children’s good eating habits from 4 to 6 months after the addition of complementary foods, and the variety and variety of food must be enriched.
One mother said that to feed the child blood, feed him with liver and blood, but he did not like to eat.
If you don’t like to eat, you should feed him. After the food center of his brain is connected with this food, he will accept and love this food.
(3) 1 to 3 and a half years old This is a critical period for the formation of children’s eating habits. During this period, parents must not blindly accommodate, tolerate children’s picky eating, partial eating, and eating snacks as meals.
The children’s preference for foreign fast food and their dislike of fruits and vegetables may be related to the bad substitution at this time.
The dietary habits of children will have an initial critical impact on their health status as adults and must not be ignored!